“To this people, whose paths of anguish are paved with deceitfulness and false promises, we will not say, ‘We will give you …’ but rather: ‘Here it is, now fight with everything you have, so that liberty and happiness may be yours!”—Fidel Castro
On July 26, 1953, a group of rebels headed by Fidel Castro raided the Moncada garrison in Santiago de Cuba. The attack was to launch a revolt against the military dictatorship of Fulgencio Batista, whom Washington put in power in 1952. Although the attack was defeated, the operation marked the beginning of the revolutionary struggle that overthrew the dictatorship.
“History Will Absolve Me” is Castro’s defense argument in court in 1953. It was read by tens of thousands of people and was the main program of the July 26 Movement. It is published here with an excerpt from Castro’s speech in 1975 at the First Congress of the Cuban Communist Party describing the revolutionary strategy and the class dynamics of the struggles of the working people of Cuba that led to the overthrow of the dictatorship in the victory of the first socialist revolution of the American continent. The protagonists were the workers and the peasants - the humble and the poor themselves, who, through their action, transformed themselves into people with confidence and political and class consciousness.